Military drone technology development and use HW

Military drone technology development and use HW

Military drone technology development and use HW

My controversy is: Military drone technology development and use.

How did you decide upon/Why did you choose this topic: Because while I support the development of further military technology, the fact that these same technologies could be used against the United States by either an enemy or its own government is a valid point of concern. I don’t feel the American public should be worried, with the advancement of technology it is far easier to hack into your smart tv or cell phone to spy on you. So, the use of military drones spying on American civilians I feel isn’t a major concern but, our enemies using drones against us is.

Before I began my research, my belief was: Fully supporting the development of further drone technologies whether it is targeting, stealth or weapons based technological advancements.

5.The 3 most important things I learned from my research was:

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The proper use and implementation of the technology contained within drones and drones themselves is very capable of being an ethical solution to modern day warfare.

The indiscriminate use and overuse of drones has led to many questioning the reliability and accountability for the number of drone strikes verses the non-hostile casualty count.

Drone technology is no longer a United States specific technology. Many other nations use drones the very same way the United States does. Even the enemies in Iraq and Afghanistan have started to use drones against the United States.

6.What are the different sides in the controversy: The two sides are clear cut, one side supports the constant development of drones whether it is referencing airframes, targeting/sight computers and aids, or weapons. As well as providing tactical and practical use of the design/technology that can also translate into other advances in technology elsewhere. The alternate side is the issue of indiscriminate use and over use of power by using the drones in war/peace time. Against the enemies of the United States and fear they are/would be used against US citizens. Also, the issue of causing indiscriminate civilian or non-hostile casualties while using the drones.

7.What did you learn about the sides – what differentiates them: Military drone technology development and use HW

8.My point of view changed/didn’t change because – Now I believe: My point of view did not change, now I believe the further advancement of drone technologies and practical application of the technology is vital to the overall security of the United States.

9.My draft argument for my research paper is: Proper use of drone technology is an ethical solution to modern day warfare.

10.Annotated bibliography:

First source stance: Drone strikes remain a necessary instrument of counterterrorism.

i.Byman, Daniel. “Why Drones Work: The Case for Washingtons Weapon of Choice.” Brookings Institution, brookings.edu, 17 June 2013, https://www.brookings.edu/articles/why-drones-work-the-case-for-washingtons-weapon-of-choice/. Accessed 19 Sept. 2017.

ii.Overall Argument of source: Byman argues the fact that drone strikes are working and still a very real option in warfare despite the perceived side effects of using drones.

iii.First major point: Drone technology can be a force multiplier during warfare, keeping service members away from harm while, providing precision attacks on targets.

iv.Quote: “The Obama administration relies on drones for one simple reason: they work”.

v.Second MP: The information gathering of after drone strikes proves to be an unreliable means of measuring success rates of drone strikes.

vi.Quote: “Despite the obvious benefits of using drones and the problems associated with the alternatives, numerous critics argue that drones still have too many disadvantages”.

vii.Big take away from the source and what compels you to argue. Bold argument. The obvious benefits from using drones to locate and strike against our enemies in foreign locations. Drone use helps save American service members lives overseas.

Second source stance:

i.Gramer, Robbie. “Afghan Insurgents Use Drones In Fight Against U.S.” Foreign Policy, foreignpolicy.com, 13 January 2017, http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/01/31/afghanistan-insurgents-use-drones-in-fight-against-u-s-nato-coalition-forces-unmanned-aerial-vehicles-future-warfare/. Accessed 19 September 2017.

ii.Overall Argument of source: Gramer argues the fact that non-friendly drones are becoming more and more of a problem in Afghanistan. Primarily used for surveillance of American forces, has now turned to attacks against American forces.

iii.First major point: Drones are being used by more and more nations for varying reasons.

iv.Quote: “NATO no longer has a monopoly on drones on the battlefields of Afghanistan.”

v.Second MP: The use of non-hostile drones has ranged from surveillance to attacks.

vi.Quote: “But what’s more worrying is the possibility of insurgents arming drones with bombs — and it’s already happening in Iraq and Syria.” Military drone technology development and use HW

vii.Big take away from the source and what compels you to argue. Bold argument. Although the article primarily shows the possible use of non-hostile drones against the United States, it also points out my argument. Development of counter-drone technology is imperative to combating the non-hostile drone threat.

Third source stance:

i.McNeal, Gregory. “Drones and Aerial Surveillance: Considerations for Legislatures.” Brookings Institution, brookings.edu, November 2014, https://www.brookings.edu/research/drones-and-aerial-surveillance-considerations-for-legislatures/. Accessed 19 Sept. 2017.

ii.Overall Argument of source: Legal and ethical use of drones.

iii.First major point: The threat of U.S. drones being used on its own civilians has led to Laws which protect against illegal surveillance.

iv.Quote: “To counter the threat of surveillance, privacy advocates have focused solely on requiring warrants before the use of drones by law enforcement.”

v.Second MP: Law Enforcement utilizing standard aircraft are subject to FAA rules on “public navigable airspace”, under the current wording, drones are not subject to the same FAA ruling.

vi.Quote: “Thus, drones are poised to disrupt settled Fourth Amendment jurisprudence, by operating in airspace which heretofore has not been the subject of case law or statutes.”

vii.Big take away from the source and what compels you to argue. Bold argument. My big take away from this source is that drone technology could be used for surveillance of American citizens forcing us into an Orwellian type government. My argument is laws regarding the use of non-recreational drones must be clear and concise and accepted by the public.

Fourth source stance:

i.Plaw A., Fricker M., Williams B., et al. “Practice Makes Perfect?: The Changing Civilian Toll of CIA Drone Strikes in Pakistan.” Perspectives on Terrorism, Vol. 5, 51-6, Terrorism Research Initiative, December 2011, http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/… pp. 51-69. Accessed 18 Sept. 2017.


 

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